Hurricane Sandy and dying trees.


Hurricane Sandy is predicted to hit the US east coast early next week, somewhere between Chesapeake Bay and Long Island Sound. The central pressure is forecast to be lower than that of the legendary 1938 storm.

This corridor is filled with dead and dying trees. Hurricanes topple trees over by first oversaturating the ground with rain, and then knocking them down with strong winds. This time Sandy will be assisted by the weakened and dead trees, which would cause homes to be crushed by fallen trees, and massive power outages. This area is also filled with nuclear power plants, whose reactors need to be continuously cooled. Disruptions in the power grid would cause a switch to emergency cooling, and we saw how well that worked in Fukushima.

Since I believe that the death of the trees is caused by ozone and GOM poisons from the Gulf of Mexico and the Louisiana sinkhole, potentiated by Fukushima radionuclides, this has the potential to be the first Fuku-enhanced societal disruption in the US. There is a possibility that it could be epic in scope.

EDIT: Even though this continues to appear to be a historic storm, the National Hurricane Center is going to discontinue calling Sandy a “hurricane”, they’re gonna say it’s “windy”:

http://meteorologicalmusings.blogspot.com/

Mayor Bloomberg of New York is not calling for evacuations.

Sandy is “perfectly safe”, “nothing to worry about”. Sound familiar? “This fish contains a safe amount of cesium”… it’s the same crap!

UPDATE: Bloomberg has called for evacuation of Zone A in NYC:

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2011/08/26/nyregion/new-york-city-hurricane-evacuation-zones.html

The GFS model has historically low barometric pressure at landfall. Delaware coast already under water. Strongest winds are to the north of the storm. The GFS has landfall between Atlantic City and Toms River, I would expect it to be slightly south of that. This means NYC, Long Island, and northern New Jersey to feature the strongest winds. Areas directly under the eye may have a long period with lighter winds.

I went on a field trip Friday to 5 different parks in Maryland… the vast majority of the trees still have leaves on them. Some people think the leaves will just blow off, reducing the number of uprooted trees… I disagree. The leaf damage I saw was really damage to the interior of the tree itself, and not just the leaves. Trees and storm surge are the biggest risk here… the huge area of this storm is what is causing the surge in water levels along the coast.

Links:
http://forums.accuweather.com/index.php?showtopic=30127
https://twitter.com/nynjpaweather
https://twitter.com/RyanMaue

Global radioiodine cloud spreading?

In a previous post, I discussed a new radioactive plume from Fukushima which is moving through the North American continent. I want to reiterate something I mentioned in the comments section.

On Monday I purchased two patio stones that I wanted to use to block external radiation from my undersink RO system. When I was installing them, I immediately got a sore throat… when I moved away from it, the sore throat went away. This is a very familiar thyroid symptom which I had repeatedly last November through January. I didn’t know if radiation was coming from the stones, or from the GAC filter in the RO system (which accumulates radioactive lead-210). But I developed a rash on my arm where I had handled the stones. This suggested the stones were contaminated with radioactive iodine, so I removed them.

These stones were purchased from the garden section of a store, they were outside and exposed to rain. The last time it rained here was Oct. 19. I think there was iodine-131 in that rain.

There seems to be an upsurge in reports of throat and bronchial problems. Potrblog has reported 91x background radiation in rain.

CRIIRAD in France has had a spike of gamma radiation and I-131 in Rhone river water in Avignon, on Oct. 23. They blame it on surges in water flow level, as usual. It is not a huge spike, but it appears that the cloud has already reached France.

I have resumed taking Lugol’s iodine as a supplement to prevent iodine-131 damage to my thyroid.

Last fall and winter, the iodine got into the tap water, and was coming out of the shower head with every shower I took. Also, I got red bumps all over my hands from washing dishes, so I started wearing gloves for dishwashing, which I now use routinely. The iodine gas also comes out of sewer gratings, and if you have an open sump pit in your basement, it will also come out of there.

Plant destruction in my backyard.

My camera is broken, so I borrowed one and took these pictures in my yard last week. I live south of Baltimore, Maryland, in Anne Arundel County.




There has been no frost yet this year. Early in the summer, there was a lack of rain, and the lawn turned brown. But there was no official drought declaration here. The damage did not appear until the rains started again in July.

I planted morning glories under a canopy, which protects them (mostly) from rain:


Morning glory leaves protected from rain

But some of the leaves get dripped on from the edge of the canopy:


Morning glory leaves subject to drips of rain from canopy



I had also planted morning glories along a fence, which produced flowering foliage across it. After a rainstorm in late July or early August, they all died (except for one plant which died later):


Morning glories subject to full rain. They died 3 days after a rainstorm.

Fruit trees fruited extremely prolifically this year or last year. Now they are distressed or dead:


This peach tree yielded an enormous amount of peaches in 2011. No fruit this year. Now it’s dead.


Lots of walnuts from this tree this year, too many



Pear tree, which fruited prolifically last year, little or no fruit this year

The plant damage was compared with autoradiographs from leaves from Japan and Chernobyl. This gives a visual representation as to how radiation is distributed in the leaf:


Pear leaf compared to autoradiograph of cypress leaf from Iitate Village, Japan (Prof. Mori’s WINEP blog)

Pear leaf compared to autoradiograph of plantain leaf from Chernobyl (Yablokov, Nesterenko, and Nesterenko)

New radioactive plume moving through US and Canada.

Early yesterday morning, the radiation detector in Eugene, Oregon spiked to 1,763 counts per minute, or around 100 times normal. Shortly later, it went over 3,000.

The Radiation Network said it must have been a defective Geiger counter. Why else would it spike? “There is no Fukushima radiation in America”… Uh-huh. What is the purpose of their site? Are they so incompetent that whenever the site is doing what it is supposed to, it must be broken? Why don’t they say anything when the counts go to zero?

Jet stream (30,000 feet) at time of detection

Radiation has recently spiked in Hokkaido, Tokyo and Kanagawa, and Kagawa. Obviously, there has been a criticality. This is one of those long, thin, snaky plumes that are emitted from destroyed nuclear power plants. The plumes are so thin that they only show up in a local area, and 50 miles away there may be no increased radiation. That is why other stations in the area did not detect it. This same process occurred in Chernobyl, and that is why deposition of radioactive particles in highly variable and irregular.

It looks like this one is hugging the US-Canadian border and will move through northern New England. But it’s hard to say for sure.

One of these plumes hit me in May. See Recent health issues and It was uranium poisoning. It wasn’t exactly a walk in the park. I now have autoimmune kidney disease.

Biosphere effects of Fukushima and the BP oil spill (part 2).



This photo was taken 8 days ago at a park a few miles from my home.

In order to test the hypothesis of increasing ground-level ozone levels, ozone data was obtained from the Mauna Loa observatory in Hawaii. This is considered an ideal location for observing global trends in atmospheric concentrations of ozone, carbon dioxide, and other substances. The data series consisted of maximum hourly observations of ozone per day, in parts per billion. The dates ranged from January 1, 2004 to September 20, 2012.

Ozone concentrations are indeed rising over this time interval (Pearson r = 0.08, P < .0001). The time series was then sliced into two, three different times by three cutpoints. The first cutpoint was the initiation of the energy bill (1/1/2008), the second was the BP oil spill (4/20/2010), and the third was the Fukushima catastrophe (3/11/2011). The ozone levels before and after these three events were compared using optimal discriminant analysis (ODA).

Comparison .................... Direction ... Effect Strength . P < Before & after energy bill ..... positive ......... 6.1% ..... 0.008 Before & after BP oil spill..... positive ......... 8.1% ..... 0.001 Before & after Fukushima ....... positive ......... 6.4% ..... 0.050

The best fit is obtained from the BP oil spill. Ozone certainly increased significantly after the energy bill went into effect, however. Fukushima effects are also significant, but at a lower level than the Deepwater Horizon disaster.

Effects of radioactive contamination on plants, and possible potentiation by ozone will be discussed in a future post.

IMPORTANT: I am developing a visual database on plant damage, which will include North America (to begin with), and will extend in time from 2008 to the present. It is located at:

http://optimalprediction.com/project.html

Most of the photos are in Flickr. To zoom in, click on the picture, then click on "View all sizes" on the upper right, and then select the resolution you want. You can also zoom in using the mouse wheel while holding down the Ctrl key.

PLEASE HELP ME NAME THIS PROJECT. I need a catchy name that can be referred to by an acronym. GPFDP is not good. TIA.

Biosphere effects of Fukushima and the BP oil spill (part 1).

The rapidly increasing destruction of plants and trees has grabbed my attention recently. Please bear with me while I try to figure out what is going on.

The Earth’s biosphere is in terrible shape. It is basically teetering on the edge of a cliff due to pollution, climate change, nuclear emissions, forest & habitat destruction etc. These latest two disasters are threatening to push it completely off the cliff.

Gail at Wit’s End has been a voice in the wilderness over the issue of plant destruction. She believes it is due to an increase in ground-level ozone that has been under way since 2008.

Note that this has nothing to do with the ozone hole in the upper atmosphere. Ozone is good up there, it blocks harmful UV rays, which otherwise lead to increased sunburn and skin cancer. The reason that ozone is declining up there is because of warming in the upper stratosphere. Fukushima could be contributing to this situation, with radioactive particles rising up there, giving off decay heat, and being warmed by sunshine.

Ozone is bad down here at the Earth’s surface, though. It is known to cause harm to plants. It also affects the human respiratory system, and that is why the weather service gives out ozone alerts, suggesting that susceptible people stay indoors. Indoor furnishings & carpets scavenge ozone from the air.

According to Wikipedia,

Low level ozone (or tropospheric ozone) is an atmospheric pollutant… It is not emitted directly by car engines or by industrial operations, but formed by the reaction of sunlight on air containing hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides that react to form ozone directly at the source of the pollution or many kilometers down wind… Ozone reacts directly with some hydrocarbons such as aldehydes and thus begins their removal from the air, but the products are themselves key components of smog. Ozone photolysis by UV light leads to production of the hydroxyl radical OH and this plays a part in the removal of hydrocarbons from the air, but is also the first step in the creation of components of smog such as peroxyacyl nitrates which can be powerful eye irritants. The atmospheric lifetime of tropospheric ozone is about 22 days; its main removal mechanisms are being deposited to the ground, the above mentioned reaction giving OH, and by reactions with OH and the peroxy radical HO2… There is evidence of significant reduction in agricultural yields because of increased ground-level ozone and pollution which interferes with photosynthesis and stunts overall growth of some plant species.

There are 3 possible reasons for the increase in ground-level ozone, over and above the ordinary activity of the toxic industrial society:

1. Passage of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, which mandated increases in ethanol content of gasoline. This went into effect January 2008. Ethanol-powered vehicles generate more ozone than gasoline-powered vehicles (1) (2).

2. The BP oil spill, starting in April 2010, polluted the Gulf of Mexico with hydrocarbons. It apparently is still going on. Ozone is formed by sunlight acting on these hydrocarbons. If you are near the Gulf of Mexico, and can smell oil, and the sun is out, there is ozone. Peroxyacetyl nitrates (PANs) are also formed, which are stable and travel for long distances, which eventually break down into ozone by the action of sunlight. “PANs are both toxic and irritating, as they dissolve more readily in water than ozone. They are lachrymators, causing eye irritation at concentrations of only a few parts per billion. At higher concentrations they cause extensive damage to vegetation. Both PANs and their chlorinated derivates are said to be mutagenic, as they can be a factor causing skin cancer.” (Wikipedia)

3. Radioactive contamination of the Pacific Ocean from the Fukushima nuclear catastrophe. This commenced on March 11, 2011. The reasons for this are explained below.

Ozone is also produced by a photochemical reaction of UV light on nitrogen oxides. The sea off Japan is polluted with nitrates and nitrogen oxides.

It is important to understand that the photochemical reaction is initiated by any light which has wavelengths less than or equal to those of UV light. Gamma radiation has wavelengths less than one-thousandth of UV light. It also is much more energetic. When unthinkable amounts of radionuclides which emit gamma radiation are dumped into a sea which is polluted with nitrogen, what do you get? Ozone.

Ozone is also produced by photolysis of dissolved oxygen in the water. The photochemical reaction produces ozone directly. This is the same process in which ozone in the upper atmosphere is generated. Radiolysis (separation of water into hydrogen and oxygen by radiation) may also produce oxygen from which photolysis acts upon.

Also, from Wikipedia again, “Water subjected to ionizing radiation forms free radicals of hydrogen and hydroxyl, which can recombine to form gaseous hydrogen, oxygen, hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radicals, and peroxide radicals. In living organisms, which are composed mostly of water, majority of the damage is caused by the reactive oxygen species, free radicals produced from water. The free radicals attack the biomolecules forming structures within the cells, causing oxidative stress (a cumulative damage which may be significant enough to cause the cell death, or may cause DNA damage possibly leading to cancer).”

To be continued in the next post…

Carbon-14, tritium and plants.



Dr. Linus Pauling’s warning about carbon-14

Linus Pauling warned us about carbon-14. Carbon is everywhere, in plants, in food, in our bodies. Radioactive carbon-14 comes in the form of gaseous carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide. It is routinely emitted by nuclear power plants. Large amounts of it were released in the atmospheric nuclear tests of the 1950’s and ’60s. It has a half-life of 5,730 years.

Trees and green plants provide about half, and plankton provide the other half of our oxygen. Phytoplankton, which are the base of the marine food chain, is declining. Various studies confirm this: plankton in parts of the Antarctic Ocean is declining up to 12 percent. (S. Weiler. Testimony to Senate Commerce Committee, November 15, 1991)

Trees absorb radioactive carbon-14 in place of stable forms of carbon and in this way they are gradually killed. The book, The Petkau Effect, by Ralph Graeub tells how radioactivity has harmed trees and forests: “It is assumed that the decisive physiological damage resulting in current forest death must have begun during the 1950’s. This is depicted in a reduction in density and width of tree rings, and in reduced growth, which is true in the Northern Hemisphere and in the Himalayas….

Neither aging, location, nor climate can be considered as the possible sole cause of damage…. The growth ring of a tree shows exactly what effects the tree has experienced, both in terms of time and seriousness…. During the 1950’s and 1960’s, there must have been a global wave of air pollution which caused the initial damage.”
The author speculates that it could not be just the usual chemicals which are so damaging the trees. And he explains that these trees are mainly within the 30th to 60th parallels of northern latitude. “This zone contains the most nuclear power plants — over 300 — and almost all nuclear reprocessing centers. Also, the vast majority of nuclear weapons tests occurred in this area.”

http://groups.able2know.org/philforum/topic/3775-1

Carbon-14 is produced when thermal neutrons from a criticality, or from neutron-emitting radionuclides like californium, come into contact with nitrogen. Nitrogen levels have been soaring in the ocean off Japan. The air is 78% nitrogen. Large amounts of nitrogen are found in soil, including the soil beneath the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant.

Tritium has a half-life of 12.3 years. It is also routinely released from nuclear power plants. It is a radioactive isotope of hydrogen and is found in the environment in the form of tritiated water. Significant amounts of tritium have been recently found in the Vancouver BC water supply. (www.enviroreporter.com) It will be found in both rainfall and water vapor in the air.

The following holds true for both tritium and carbon-14.

The green leaves of vegetation are the primary site for incorporation of tritium into organic matter. This is accomplished through the process of photosynthesis, where (C-14) carbon dioxide and (tritiated) water are used to synthesize sugar. The sugar is the building block for the synthesis of all other plant organic matter.

According to Rosalie Bertell,

In addition, with tritium exposure one can assume that people will suffer chronic illnesses due to nonfunctional enzymes, hormones and other proteins due to disruption by tritium atoms. Tritium spontaneously disintegrates into a helium atom, with a recoil excitation which disrupts the chemical bonds. These disruptions when reproduced cause chronic diseases such as allergies or hormonal dysfunction.

So the radioactive hydrogen (tritium) in water spontaneously transmutes to helium in the plant sugars produced by photosynthesis. Similarly, carbon-14 atoms in the sugar spontaneously transmute to nitrogen, disrupting chemical bonds, and creating God-knows-what molecules.

Gail has a new post at Wit’s End. She believes the damage to plants is due to ground-level ozone. Oxygen is known to potentiate the effects of radiation on cells. I suspect that this is true for ozone (O3) as well.

I have been going through hundreds of photos from Flickr. The scale of this catastrophe is mind-boggling. It has increased exponentially the past few months. I am trying to figure out a way to organize these photos so that the plant damage can be compared through time and space.

External radiation danger from GAC filters in RO systems.

With Chris Busby’s discovery of large amounts of uranium in a Tokyo air conditioning filter, and the detection of uranium in sardines caught off the Japanese coast, it is likely that uranium and its radon daughter products are contaminating many tap water systems in the US. This is in addition to naturally occurring radon in the water.

Reverse osmosis systems are a popular method for purifying water in homes. These system usually utilize 2 or 3 GAC (activated carbon) filters to remove gases like chlorine. They are also an efficient way to remove radon from tap water.

According to this pdf from the Maine radiation control program, radioactive lead-210, a long-lived isotope, accumulates in the filter. Eventually it is considered to be nuclear waste. The filter may still be operating at high efficiency, but external radiation will be emitted from it, causing a health hazard.

The filters should be changed frequently, or shielding like bricks or lead foil should be placed around the RO system to block the gamma radiation.

My kidneys are acting up, dammit.

My left kidney is aching pretty bad. The uranium poisoning episode in May produced massive pain and an insane amount of proteinuria. In 2008 I think, I had a series of kidney stones pass (two weeks). One of them had a jagged edge (I saw it), and I got an infection. My doctor said if I didn’t immediately go on cipro, I would be dead in two days. So my kidneys were already messed up, and then I got exposed to uranium, which primarily damages the kidneys.

I don’t know if this is a stone, or if it is inflammation. I got the flu a couple months ago, and the kidney pain kept me up a couple of nights. So I now have autoimmune kidney disease.

Vgirl is picking me up some hydrangea. Hopefully this will help.

There are anecdotes about home remedies on the web… here is one of them:

This is what worked for me. In a blender mix aprox. 10 oz of cooked canned asparagus, 4 oz of lemon juice and 4 oz of olive oil, add distilled water until it is drinkable. Drink all of this with 2 ibuprofen and a massive amount of distilled water (2 liters) every four hours. It tastes horrible but it is better than staying up all night crying and bargaining with God. My experience with this was after about three hours the pain stopped and after the fourth glass I passed some nasty sludge and small gravel and the stone was gone. I’ve suffered stones for six years, hospitallized once (the first big one) and pass about two per year, the largest was 11mm and the average 6mm. The above mixture has worked as stated on my last two stones. I should note that this is for idiots like me without insurance, otherwise I strongly recommend going to the doctor. Good luck.

I am an idiot without insurance too, and I can’t take ibuprofen, taking one Advil makes me bleed for 3 days. Hopefully the hydrangea will work.