Enormous increase of cesium-137 in white rockfish.

From Matufuji’s twitter stream, we are informed that 320,000 Bq/kg of cesium (combined 134 and 137) has been found in Shiromebaru, or white rockfish. This information comes from Tepco as a pdf.

According to Fukushima Diary, the previous highest levels of cesium did not exceed 3,200 Bq/kg found in July 2011. As the above graph indicates, this latest levels, which were from analyses in May 2013, are 100 times higher than this.

The highest concentrations of cesium from Chernobyl fish that I have been able to find were on the order of 25,000 Bq/kg. This was in a small, shallow, marshy lake in the Chernobyl exclusion zone, not the largest ocean on earth.

Tepco continues to deal with this situation with duct tape and baling wire. No response from the UN, the US, or the world. Who knows how long this exponential increase in ocean contamination will continue.

Previously, I have spoken of the role of sea salt aerosol production in the transfer of ocean-borne radionuclides to land and to rainfall. Much of the cesium and strontium will end up in the atmosphere, and also eventually the contamination will spread to other oceans.

And the US continues to import Japanese fish. Seafood that exceeds the Japanese radiation limit will end up in grocery stores in the US, due to the new PAGs from the EPA that relax radiation limits in US food to irrelevancy.

The following image is from Stanley Kubrick’s classic film Dr. Strangelove. Gen. Turgidson has learned that Gen. Ripper has ordered a nuclear attack on the Soviet Union, and he makes a suggestion to his secretary/girlfriend.

“Listen, Shug – don’t forget to say your prayers.”

Strontium-90 and DNA damage.

Strontium-90 levels are rapidly increasing in groundwater near the reactor 2 turbine building at Fukushima Daiichi. Enenews has the story:

Xinhua: Very high radioactivity levels were detected in groundwater from an observation well at the crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant, said the plant operator Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO) Wednesday. […] The observation well was set up on the Pacific side of the plant’s No. 2 reactor turbine building last December to find out the reasons why radioactivity levels in seawater near the plant remained high. The company said the sampled water could be from the contaminated water that seeped into the ground.

Reuters: Testing of groundwater showed the reading for strontium-90 increased from 8.6 becquerels to 1,000 becquerels per litre between Dec. 8, 2012 and May 24

BBC News: High levels of a toxic radioactive isotope have been found in groundwater at Japan’s Fukushima nuclear plant, its operator says. […] Strontium-90 is formed as a by-product of nuclear fission. Tests showed that levels of strontium in groundwater at the Fukushima plant had increased 100-fold since the end of last year, Toshihiko Fukuda, a Tepco official, told media.

And Fukushima Diary has a story about huge amounts of tritium and strontium-90:

On 6/19/2013, Tepco announced they measured 500,000,000 Bq/m3 of Tritium and 1,000,000 Bq/m3 of Sr-90 from the groundwater taken from the east side of reactor2 turbine building. The sample was taken on 5/24/2013.

The radiation level in seawater doesn’t decrease. In order to investigate it, Tepco drilled 3 observation holes on the east side of the reactor1~4 turbine buildings.

These radionuclides are going to end up in the seawater, no matter what Tepco says. It is also likely that they have been released into the atmosphere in significant amounts. This is due to re-criticalities that have and are continuing to occur this year. They are occurring in the underground coriums and in at least one aboveground site.

Tepco has minimized the strontium deposition until recently. I know strontium-90 was released into the Pacific in early 2011, because the Chinese government announced that it had been found in Pacific squid. Not only that, I had just eaten some of it. The worst thing I have ever eaten.

Strontium-90 is a particularly dangerous radioactive toxin. It causes bone cancer, leukemia, and immunological damage. It collects in bone and is more dangerous the younger you are.

I received an email today from Richard Bramhall at the Low-Level Radiation Campaign. Chris Busby has written a review of evidence that ingesting and inhaling radionuclides is causing DNA damage to people, and how the nuclear industry’s ICRP model grossly underestimates the dangers to human health.

The evidence shows that ICRP’s use of “absorbed dose” is invalid for many radionuclides when they are internal… The review defines and discusses situations where genetic damage is massively more likely than from external radiation at the same “dose”; 1) biochemical affinity for DNA, 2) transmutation, 3) hot particles, 4) sequential emitters (“Second Event Theory”), 5) low energy beta emitters, and 6) the “Secondary Photoelectron Effect”:

1. Some substances (for example Strontium-90 and Uranium) have high biochemical affinity for DNA so a large proportion of what is inside the body will be chemically bound to DNA. For this reason the radiation events associated with them are massively more likely to damage DNA structures than the same dose delivered externally.

Sr-90 binds to DNA, and is far more dangerous for this reason that nuclides that are simply in cytoplasm. Uranium is also very dangerous for this reason.

2. Transmutation, where the radioactive decay of a radio-element changes it into a different element (e.g. Carbon-14 changing to Nitrogen), has mutagenic effects far greater than would be expected on the basis of “absorbed dose”. This has been known since the 1960s but it has been ignored by risk agencies such as ICRP, UNSCEAR and BEIR.

DNA is made from Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen and Nitrogen. Carbon-14 and tritium (radioactive hydrogen) become incorporated into DNA through eating and drinking contaminated products. When the carbon-14 atom in the DNA decays into nitrogen, the chemical bond is broken, and DNA damage results. Similarly, tritium decays into helium. This goes for plants, as well as animals and humans.

3. Hot particles, especially those which emit very short-range alpha radiation, have obvious implications for high local doses to tissue where they are embedded.

It should be added that due to the bystander effect, dozens of times more DNA molecules are affected than those which are directly affected by this alpha radiation. This is due to the release of inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-alpha. These cytokines are also themselves associated with cancer, heart disease, strokes, and autoimmune diseases.

4. The “Second Event Theory” concerns the decay sequences of some radionuclides which decay to a short-lived daughter. Strontium 90 decaying to Yttrium 90 is an example; the Yttrium 90 has a half-life of 2½ days so the theory is that the first event (decay of Strontium 90) may damage a cell’s DNA which then sets about repairing itself. The repair process is known to be very radiosensitive and there is a finite probability that the second event (the subsequent Yttrium decay) inflicts further damage which cannot be repaired.

Sr-90 decays into the vastly more energetic Y-90, which last around 3 weeks. As the DNA repair process in underway due to the Sr-90, an atom turns into Y-90 which screws up the repair process, which itself is a radiosensitive function. It ends up with misrepaired DNA strands that go into random configurations.

5. A good example of a low energy beta emitter is Tritium. (Tritium is projected to account for 99.8% of the radioactivity in discharges from the “generic” design of reactor planned for the UK). The review compares Tritium with Caesium-137. The very low decay energy of Tritium means that delivering the same absorbed dose as the Caesium requires 90 times as many radiation tracks from Tritium. This density of events occurring at low doses suggests a mechanism to explain experimental results that show Tritium is a greater mutagenic hazard than ICRP would expect.

The is an immense amount of tritium going into the Pacific, which gets evaporated and becomes rainfall over North America. Again here, the ICRP grossly underestimates the health impacts of this dangerous radionuclide, which affects all life.

6. Elements with large numbers of protons (e.g. Uranium, Plutonium) absorb external gamma radiation efficiently, re-emitting it in the form of very short-range photoelectrons indistinguishable from beta radiation. This is known as the Secondary Photoelectron Effect (SPE). The review criticizes papers which used Monte Carlo methodology in attempts to minimise the importance of SPE after New Scientist [3] published a report on it in 2008…

It is bad enough when uranium and plutonium bind to DNA and cause damage via alpha radiation. When there is gamma radiation in the environment, say, during a global nuclear catastrophe, like right now, the uranium and plutonium absorb it, and emit photons which act just like a beta particle.

The review shows that enhancement factors arising from the mechanisms above can theoretically be as high as 10,000-fold. It lists epidemiological evidence where such enhancements are required to explain clear effects which are denied by the industry, regulators and government on the basis of low average doses. One of these is the recent KiKK study which, if the doubled risk of childhood leukaemia near NPPs in Germany is caused by radioactive discharges, implies a 10,000-fold error in ICRP risk estimates. KiKK is at one extreme of such evidence; at the other, the Seascale cluster implies an error of 200.

All the crap about “safe radiation levels” and “no immediate effect” is just that, crap. Reality is at least 200 times worse and as much as 10,000 times worse than the crap models that the radioactive polluters use.

Children bathing in rain pools.

As part of my health program, being (after Fuku) an extreme Th1-dominant person with severe autoimmune disease, I went to Sandy Point to absorb solar rays. (If I was Th2-dominant, I couldn’t stand the sun.)

It was great, except for one thing.

The past 3 days, after the storms, I have had the worst pain since I started this blog a year ago.

I had mentioned in a previous post about a new radioactive plume heading for the US. I think the xenon, krypton etc. has already moved through and was in the rain. The particles (plutonium, cesium etc.) aren’t here yet.

Under a sand dune, there is a depression that fills with water. It was filled on account of the severe thunderstorms we had the other day.

I am thinking it was filled with rainwater… the wind was parallel with the beach during the storms, and there was standing water on the grass on higher ground above it.

This pool ran about 2 feet deep. There were children playing in it, they seemed to be 2 or 3 years old. There were maybe 25 of them in at a time.

And it SICKENED me to see young children being exposed to this.

Fukushima endgame in progress.

From the Japanese “blog of waiting Chan” comes the news that xenon-133 and xenon-135 have been detected at the Fukushima Daiichi gas management facility. Iodine-135 Xenon-135 is generated in a nuclear reactor from the radioactive decay of tellurium-135, a fission product. Xe-135 is the most powerful neutron absorber known, and this process extinguishes a nuclear reaction. This is known as the iodine pit.

Also, radioactive silver-110m has been found. This comes from melted control rods. Its boiling point is 2162 degrees C, so it is clear that very high temperatures are involved. This isotope Ag-110m bioaccumulates at a rate far above that of cesium, according to Prof. Satoshi Mori. It has an affinity for the Kupffer cells of the liver.

Cobalt-60 and manganese-54 have also been detected. These are activation products which result from neutron radiation of building materials.

Clearly, a massive criticality has occurred. And it is NOT coming from the underground coriums, but rather the aboveground sources of radioactivity such as the spent fuel pools. These have FAR more radioactivity in them than the nuclear fuel which has burrowed underground.

This is yet another criticality in the latest round of radioactive emissions which commenced in February. It is going in cycles, where the fuel heats up, releases radiation, and then Xe-135 extinguishes it, and it starts all over again. Every stage in the cycle is worse than the last one.

The release from the spent fuel pools is what Akio Matsumura, Arnie Gundersen, and others have been warning about, if another large earthquake hit Japan. It would mean the end of the Northern Hemisphere. But it is happening anyway without the earthquake, as radiation degrades the spent fuel pool structures, and other structures, causing metal fatigue, corrosion, and failure. And Tepco’s Three Stooges incompetence is speeding it up.

It looks like California is in the crosshairs, rather than the Pacific Northwest, at least to begin with.

This is it, folks.

Mutated cherries in California.

Recently I have been navigating through a pea soup of brain fog. Unfortunately, this has affected my posting here. I try to do original research here, and typically do quite a bit of browsing in order to buttress my arguments. But now, by the time I do the research, I forget what I wanted to post about.

The image comes from a Japanese blog post. Apparently, a lady moved to California in order to escape Fukushima radiation in Japan, and she provided the photos. It doesn’t seem to be much, if any, better on the west coast of the US as it is in central Japan.

A comment on the asyura message board which discussed this issue refers to dandelion mutations on the east coast of the US:

I live East Coast of the United States. Stem of a flower in the garden or band so there is a malformation and Dattari two at the nose on one stem of the normal one here as well. But, nuclear power plant in the United States are also shut out every time a power outage or flood as someone is you say, and obvious problems are also reported several times. Now the scary, but I do not any further information always. There is also a possibility of radionuclides from Fukushima, but do not forget that there are nuclear facilities and nuclear power plant large amounts of United States.

Certainly, ordinary emissions from nuclear power plants in the US are contributing to this. But the amount of mutations seems to be unprecedented. I don’t recall seeing this discussed after the atmospheric nuclear tests of the 50s and 60s, many of which occurred in Nevada, and proportionately contaminated the US to a higher degree than the rest of the planet. So it seems that we are far beyond this. Chris Busby and the ECRR estimated that over 60 million died of cancer as a result of these tests. And this is just cancer, heart disease would have claimed even more lives.

There is more discussion of plant mutations in America at Mutation Watch.