Revised WIPP map, Fuku event, skin eruptions.

WIPP

Radioactive material continues to leak out of WIPP. There was an event on March 11, and another on March 13.

http://pissinontheroses.blogspot.com/2014/03/alert-further-explosions-possible-4th.html

They sent a worker into the ventilation system to put foam in the dampers of the ducts, because they were not totally closed.

http://enenews.com/official-radioactive-particles-escaping-everyday-wipp-dispersing-top-officials-made-available-comment-expert-leakage-coming-unfiltered-ducts-weeks

Plus, as I had mentioned before, tritium and a whole host of radioactive gases are not caught by the filters anyway.

It turns out that the original release that started late on Feb. 14 lasted for 15.5 hours. Then it rapidly dropped off.

http://www.sric.org/nuclear/docs/WIPP_Leak_03182014.pdf

The previous WIPP contamination map for tritium was based on a one-hour release. I re-ran the HYSPLIT model for the full 15.5 hours, and I got a significantly different result for the airborne contamination. Most of the eastern part of the country was affected. This map does not include a source term, so the different colors simply reflect amounts of radioactive concentrations relative to each other. Yellow is worst, dark blue second worst, then green, and light blue.

This is available in Google Maps format here. I have also included the kmz file for use in Google Earth.

http://optimalprediction.com/files/20140319184425-46251-map.html
http://optimalprediction.com/files/tritiumweek2.kmz

Please bear with me. This is a learning experience.

FUKUSHIMA

Meanwhile, Fukushima is acting up. Dust was observed and measured coming out of Unit 2. I’m guessing this has to do with the #2 SFP.

For the high alarm generation of Unit 2 reactor building exhaust system outlet dust radiation monitor A system Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station… (March 20) 11:09, (※) indicated value of the outlet dust radiation monitor system A from 2.24 × 9.96 × 10 ^ -8Bq/cm3 2 Unit reactor building exhaust equipment Fukushima first nuclear power plant today It rose to 10 ^ -4Bq/cm3, “dust radiation monitor high” alarm has occurred.

http://www.tepco.co.jp/cc/press/2014/1234898_5851.html

An increase of cesium to 4,200 Bq/kg was detected in Edogawa sludge on March 11:

https://scontent-a-iad.xx.fbcdn.net/hphotos-frc3/t1.0-9/10001295_1431737187071904_250067190_n.jpg

The amount of cesium in Fukushima City sewage sludge has tripled. There was an especially sharp increase on March 16.

http://financegreenwatch.org/jp/?p=42204 (Japanese)

Record cesium levels in the sea were found on March 16 also near the Unit 5-6 discharge channel:

http://enenews.com/record-cesium-levels-detected-ocean-fukushima-plant-spikes-6900-bqliter-detected-day-before

So there is a new plume on the way, and it may already have arrived in the US. There are events under way at Unit 2, and possibly Units 5 or 6. Tepco has discontinued the ALPS decontamination system, so they are not bothering to filter it anymore. It is all going into the Pacific, except for atmospheric releases.

SKIN ERUPTION

I have psoriatic arthritis, and I have been experiencing a major psoriasis flare. It started in January… there was a Fuku release just before New Year’s. It has gotten much worse since WIPP, and it is the worst flare since 2012. I need to find a way to treat this without heavy drugs.

EGCG comes from green tea. Fermented grape marc is an ingredient in pomace brandy. I don’t think I’ve ever seen pomace brandy around here, but then, I never heard of it before.

In a mouse model of T-cell mediated inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, dietary intake of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a catechin derivative, exerted a favorable effect, in part by increasing the Treg population in the spinal cord [47]. Furthermore, fermented grape marc (FGM) was found to promote Treg differentiation of human CD4 + T-cells [48].

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3847731/pdf/nutrients-05-04305.pdf

Th17 cells are powerful tissue inflammation inducers associated with various experimental and human autoimmune diseases. However, the extreme importance of Th17 cells appears to be in host defense especially in clearing of invaded pathogens, which are not sufficiently handled by Th1 or Th2 cells… IL-17 also enhances the production of mucin in the airways, which traps pathogens in the lung mucosa(85).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2880832/pdf/nihms188400.pdf

For an invaded pathogen, think of plutonium particles. Th17 cells are extremely important in clearing them from the body. They also produce mucin, which traps the particles in the lung mucosa.

So severe autoimmune diseases like I have feature Th17 cells, which are working overtime to clear plutonium, etc. This is why I flare every time there is a Fuku event, or something like WIPP happens.

Regulatory T cells are the subset of T helper cells important in immune suppression and prevention of autoimmune diseases(169). It has been shown that IFN- γ and IL-4, produced by Th1 and Th2 respectively, inhibit the differentiation of Th17. Tregs has been shown clearly to suppress Th1 and Th2 cell immune responses(170)… During an immune response, antigen presenting cells (APCs) such as dendritic cells in responses to activation by microbial antigens produces IL-6. IL-6 acts in concert with TGF- β to inhibit adaptive Treg generation and to induce Th17 cell differentiation(63, 65, 67)

Interleukin-6 is generated as an immune response by antigen-presenting cells. These are the cells which are contaminated.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antigen_presentation

The IL-6 induces formation of Th17 cells and reduces Tregs. Since there is always new APCs coming, because Fuku will not stop, my inflammatory Th17 is always up and my immune-suppressing Treg is always down.

My skin eruptions are not going away as long as new radionuclides keep coming. Psoriasis has more to do with Th17, and little to do with Th1 & Th2. So I need to find substances, like EGCG and pomace brandy, that promote Treg differentiation, and reduce IL-6. None of the conventional treatments like Enbrel do this. I can’t take them anyway. I’ve got find something or my life will be permanently unlivable.

Homemade radionuclide concentration maps.

I’ve been sick for a couple weeks, and have been catching up with work and everything else, so I haven’t had much time to post lately.

I had downloaded the Windows HYSPLIT program, and finally got it working. The previous dispersion maps for WIPP posted here were made with the web version, which has fewer options, and only goes out to 72 hours. Now I can make much more useful maps by running it at home on my desktop.

Here is a link to a concentration map for tritium from the Feb. 14 release. It goes for a week after the WIPP event. It is in Google Maps format, so you can zoom in, and interact with it. Try clicking the contour levels at the upper right, to make the various concentration levels appear or disappear. It’s easier to see the city name under the plumes this way.

The kmz file for this map is available here. With this file, you can view it on Google Earth or other GPS visualizer software.

This is different from the prior maps. They were designed for generic pollutants. This one is for tritium specifically, and includes deposition. The Windows HYSPLIT program also has iodine-131 and cesium-137 built-in. It is also possible to define other nuclides like plutonium, by looking up physical parameters from chemistry books.

I am hoping to do this for Fukushima also. I can make Zardoz-type atmospheric dispersion maps now, for 2011, but also for the times of the various criticalities which have been discussed here.

Fuku+3. Voices from Japan.

For the 3rd anniversary of the Fukushima catastrophe, I urge everyone to listen to Voices from Japan, presented by Libbe HaLevy, on the Nuclear Hotseat podcast.

These perspectives are given by:

Hiroaki Koide, Asst. Professor, Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute
Taro Yamamoto, actor and member of the Japanese Diet Upper House.
Midori Kiuchi, popular television and movie actress Kaori Suzuki, Director of the Tarachine Citizens Radiation Monitoring Center
Ruiko Muto, lead plaintiff of a large group of Fukushima residents who have filed a criminal complaint against TEPCO and the Japanese government.
Setsuko Kida, nuclear refugee from five miles from Fukushima Daiichi and 2013 Green Party candidate for the Japanese Diet Upper House on an antinuclear platform.
Seiichi Mizuno is a businessman, former president of Seibu Department Stores, and former member of the Japanese Diet Upper House.
Kosuke Ito is a former citizen of Minamisoma, Fukushima Prefecture, who helped to start Frontier Minamisoma NPO.
Laura Inoue of Komoro Homestay Programme for Mothers and Children.

The interviews are available both in Japanese and in English translations.

Continuing radioactive releases from WIPP.

The Carlsbad Environmental Monitoring and Research Center (CEMRC) has conducted radiological analyses of filters from WIPP, for the period at and a week after the Feb. 14 plutonium release.

These filters consist of 47mm diameter, one micron pore size, paper filters that sample the air exiting the WIPP repository exhaust shaft at Station A (before air goes through HEPA filtration) and at Station B (after air goes through HEPA filtration). As stated by DOE officials, in the event of a radioactive detection in the underground, the ventilation system lowers the fan speed and automatically shifts to a “filtration” mode; whereby all of the exhaust shaft effluent passes through a large bank of High Efficiency Particulate Absorption (HEPA) filters designed to remove 99.97% of all radioactive particles from the air before exiting into the environment…

Additionally, it deserves noting that the engineered safety systems in place within the WIPP facility (i.e. HEPA filtration system) reduced the amount of 241Am exiting the exhaust ventilation system by 754 times and the amount of 239+240Pu by nearly 3,000 times. Lastly, it is also evident that in the days following the event, the levels of radioactivity both within the repository (pre-HEPA) and what was ultimately released (post-HEPA), have decreased considerably and appear to have stabilized at significantly reduced levels.

There were supposedly no workers underground at the time of the release, so the 13 workers who did test positive for americium and plutonium were exposed to levels corresponding to Station B.

If you look at the Station B section, under the column “241Am Bq/m3”, you will see 1.81 becquerels of americium-241 were found in this filter on Feb. 18. Subsequent days have much lower readings, as noted. But if you take the average of the subsequent days, you will find that WIPP is still releasing the same quantity of Am-241 every 13 days.

So according to this data, we are getting WIPPed every two weeks or so. Perhaps the levels have dropped further since then, but we don’t know that for sure.

This article by Don Hancock of the Southwest Research and Information Center (SRIC) has some good information.

As of March 4, there is much more that is unknown than known:
* What caused the leak?
* How much leaked into the underground salt mine?
* How much leaked into the environment?
* Where are those radioactive and toxic wastes now?
* To what amount of radiation were the workers exposed?
* What are the health effects for those workers?
* What decontamination is necessary in the underground mine?
* What decontamination is necessary on the WIPP site and surrounding area?
* If WIPP reopens, what changes in the operation, monitoring, and safety culture will be implemented?…

But it is likely that for at least some of the questions, precise information will never be available. For example, how much leaked into the environment may be only approximately determined. Although computer air dispersion models will be used to estimate the amount released, where those contaminants are is unknowable, since the wind can widely disperse the particles of plutonium (Pu)-239 and americium (Am)-241 that were detected. What precise health effects will occur in workers and others is also unknowable. But health dangers exist for a very long time, since Am-241 has a half-life of 432 years (half of the current radioactivity will be present in that many years), and Pu-239 has more than a 24,000-year half-life.

Multiply the half-life by 10 to get the approximate time that these leaked isotopes will be dangerous. For americium, it is 4,320 years. For plutonium, it is 240,000 years.

On February 26, the 13 WIPP employees who had been on the surface when the radiation was detected were notified that they tested positive for internal radiological contamination, “predominantly americium-241.” These workers will have additional bioassay (urine and fecal) analyses conducted. On Thursday, February 27, Farok Sharif, Nuclear Waste Partnership President, stated that other workers who came onsite on February 15 are having bioassay testing, and some additional workers are requesting to be tested. All workers who want to be tested will be tested. All workers who want to have lung and whole body counts at CEMRC also will be allowed to do so. Laboratory analysis of bioassay samples takes one to two weeks. Sharif also stated that no workers have received chelating drugs that could help excrete the internal contamination.

The 13 workers that were tested were a small fraction of those who may have been exposed. More workers want to be tested, but we haven’t heard of these results as yet. The workers were denied chelating drugs that would have helped excrete the plutonium. These should be administered within 24 hours. No matter, according to the Department of Energy, and its contractor Nuclear Waste Partnership. They say all the americium and plutonium went away from the workers’ bodies. I haven’t heard that one since the government said that all the oil in the Gulf of Mexico suddenly went away after the BP oil spill.

From Enenews:

WIPP radiation leak was never supposed to happen — No one knows yet how or why a waste drum leaked […] setting off a cascade of events that could cripple the nation’s radioactive waste disposal system. […] before WIPP opened, the [DOE] put the risk of such an accident at one chance in 10,000 to one in 1 million during any given year of WIPP operations […] only two possible scenarios […] an exploding waste drum or a waste disposal room roof collapse. […] “You could have crapped up a whole lot of real estate down there,” [Bob Neill, a radiation safety expert] said. The underground drum fire scenario […] hypothesized the “spontaneous combustion” of a drum’s contents, rupturing and spreading the radioactive waste inside [a] one chance in 10,000 in any given year of WIPP operations. The “roof fall” scenario […] was calculated at one chance in a million during a given year [and] could leave a large number of waste drums crushed and leaking. […] Cleaning up contamination [would] risk of further spreading the contamination. […] In a formal legal notice, the New Mexico Environment Department said, “It is believed … that the WIPP will be unable to resume normal activities for a protracted period of time.”…

Container Fire — Contents of a drum in an underground disposal room spontaneously combusts prior to panel closure.
Roof Fall — A portion of a disposal room roof falls prior to panel closure, crushing drums and causing container breaches.

There are 100 oil wells within a mile of WIPP. Pumping oil out of the ground could cause subsidence, which could lead to a roof collapse, and the subsequent breaking of drums. Plutonium is dangerous for 240,000 years. But making a quick buck is more important.

The containers could burst open and leak or born also. Gases build up inside the drums. From this study of TRU waste drums in Los Alamos, headed for WIPP, a significant percentage of containers have too much hydrogen or pressure:

As of October, 1997, hydrogen concentrations measured by the DVS were obtained for 323 drums, from a total of approximately 2500 vented drums. Concentrations measured during drum venting have been as high as 23.97%. In one instance when EM&R/HazMat was called to remotely vent a visibly bulging drum, subsequent analysis of the headspace gas revealed a hydrogen concentration of 27.89%.

Hydrogen is, of course, explosive. Who knows how long it takes to build up hydrogen in the drums? This might be a continuing problem for thousands of years. Another study discusses the possibility of gas-driven hydrofractures occurring at WIPP:

Modeling and experiments performed by Sandia National Laboratories show that gas caused by the anoxic corrosion of iron and by biodegradation of organic materials will be generated within the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). A potential exists for several tens of million cubic meters (at atmospheric pressure and 30oC) of gas to be generated. A review of the WIPP Compliance Certification Application (CCA) calculations and associated literature has revealed inadequate consideration of gas-driven hydrofracture. This paper presents the results of both laboratory modeling and mathematical analysis of gas-driven hydrofracture at WIPP, with emphasis upon the behavior of a vertical hydrofracture. The results show that unless special care is taken to preclude the generation of gas or to properly vent gas, a gas-driven hydrofracture is likely. Our physical modeling reveals the development of both horizontally- and vertically oriented circular hydrofractures, even within a horizontally stratified solid. The behavior of a vertical hydrofracture is considered in this paper. It is shown that a vertical hydrofracture would be incapable of containing the gas volumes predicted.

And the waste at WIPP is not limited to americium and plutonium. The tables below (link) show a list of radionuclides in waste headed for WIPP. Cesium-137 and strontium-90 are well represented in here. Many of these nuclides are in gas or vapor form and exist as dissolved gases with the waste. These include tritium, carbon-14, radon-222, iodine-129 and others. The HEPA filters at WIPP only remove particles. They do not remove gases. Charcoal filters are needed to remove gases. Gas emissions continue unfiltered at WIPP.

Latest Fukushima event. Health effects from WIPP in TX and OK.

It looks like a new event has been under way at Fukushima the past week, and the radiation is starting to show up in the US. Thanks to Deb Reed from Facebook:

03/01/14, BLGS, MT, 10 hour overnight test, 10:00PM-8:00AM, total count 23.17, 38 CPM/.113 µSv/hr. ❆-11°F [total this Winter, snow 89″]

03/03/14, BLGS, MT, 10 hour overnight reading, 11:45PM-9:45AM [MST]
61.26 total counts, 102 CPM/.305 µSv/hr
bedroom, same testing place/wood chest current conditions, cloudy 12°F
INSPECTOR ALERT

03/04/14, 10 hour overnight reading, 10:45PM-8:45AM [MST]
43.53 total counts, 72 CPM/.215 µSv/hr
bedroom, same testing place/wood chest current conditions, partly sunny 35°F
INSPECTOR ALERT

The mid-level winds at 18,000 feet have been blowing from Fuku to Montana:

The Enenews webcam forum has been lighting up with discussions:

KONDY
February 26, 2014 at 11:12 am Log in to Reply
The Tomioka camera is having heavy pixilation as well. First time I have really seen radiation hitting that camera……..

gomekwins
February 26, 2014 at 4:02 pm Log in to Reply
Still seeing frequent pixel flashes on tepsham north (nearest R1). Not seeing any on tepsham south (nearest R4), but the view is so blurry and apparently filtered that I wouldn’t be suprised if they’ve got filters enabled to remove/prevent pixel flashes, etc. But if they’ve got such a filter on tepsham south, why not tepsham north? Are they that sloppy that they can’t even consistently censor their webcams?

Given everything that I’ve seen… the smoke and pixel flashes, etc. etc., including this http://i.imgur.com/h8DjcIL.png (from earlier today) and this http://i.imgur.com/YE1IFGF.jpg (from just now — I added the red arrows):

!!!!!

I would STRONGLY RECOMMEND that anyone in southern Japan — or really ANYWHERE IN Japan — take precautions IMMEDIATELY. Run your HEPA air filters, do not allow anyone to wear their shoes into your home, avoid ANY outdoor activity, etc. This will eventually apply to other countries as well, but to a less grave extent. I know many of us have been taking these precautions since 3/11/11, but it is of PARTICULAR IMPORTANCE that people in Japan IMMEDIATELY take these precautions to avoid grave health effects. I think we can say with some confidence at this point that SOMETHING horrible is happening at the plant RIGHT NOW. Just a matter of time before hard evidence starts leaking out…

!!!!!

chargedbarticle
February 26, 2014 at 5:24 pm Log in to Reply
I have never before seen this much traffic on the Tomioka cam. More dump trucks, heavy equipment, speeding cars. Almost witnessed a collision awhile ago.

vicky13
February 26, 2014 at 8:16 pm Log in to Reply
Guys in white radiation suits on futaba cam 10:15 JST

tbg
February 26, 2014 at 9:49 pm Log in to Reply
Do you have any screencaps? Ive never seen them wearing the tyvek suits on futaba, just the guards closing and opening the gate with the face mask.

I think that’s something if they are wearing full suits on futaba, that’s a good stretch from the plant and still getting decent amounts of traffic.

rockyourworld
February 26, 2014 at 9:19 pm Log in to Reply
look at the smoke on tepco unit 4 cam 11:15 small structure on the right in front of the bottom of the crane thats dangling the smaller item looks like flames with smoke pouring out

GQR2
February 26, 2014 at 9:45 pm Log in to Reply
5 cars pulled onto left side of road beyond the bridge. A bunch of workers got out, dressed in hazard vests,one in a white suit. They went to the area behind the grey building as if to look for something. 11:45 JST

ChasAha
February 26, 2014 at 9:59 pm Log in to Reply
Real time note: 2014-02-27 11:54 jst

Looks like fast moving translucent emissions and some brown puffs coming from the CSFP area to the far left. (west)

On full screen it can be seen.

It is blurry though.

Still going.
2014-02-27 11:59 jst

rockyourworld
February 27, 2014 at 4:10 am Log in to Reply
heavy smoke on unit 4 cam on the right where i pointed out smoke earlier, where theres a glow on top of a structure that looked like fire earlier

jec
February 27, 2014 at 10:41 am Log in to Reply
02-28-2014 00:39 TBS Webcam 1, North, shows emissions/smoke coming out of the right top side of Reactor 2. And, of course, ongoing emissions over Reactors 3 and 4. Nasty. Wish winds would blow from East to West…Permanently.

ChasAha
February 27, 2014 at 10:56 am Log in to Reply
I see the tiny flashes on R3.

Earlier at 00:33 jst I saw a white vertical fast flying bolt fly up from that same spot.

Maybe somethings cooking.

The cranes have been very active near that spot.

currently 00:56 jst

Johnny Blade
February 28, 2014 at 12:01 am Log in to Reply
tomioka cam displaying the most traffic I’ve seen in a LONG time!! many dump trucks filled with sand,cement trucks,buses filled with tyvek suited people,police vehicles and ambulances with lights flashing??!! something’s up(?)!! http://www.ntt-east.co.jp/fukushima/mado/detail/tomioka.html

gomekwins
February 28, 2014 at 12:08 pm Log in to Reply
around 2014-03-01 2:06 JST :

Tepsham south (nearest R4) showing the red flicker at the bottom center, near the bottom of the closest vent stack. Could be fire, emergency lights, or other…

Tepsham north (nearest R1) still appears to show venting from R3 or the vent stack with lots of “fog” above R3. Still seeing regular pixel flashes.

February 28, 2014 at 12:36 pm Log in to Reply
JNN has glowing hot spots..major one for the entire Reactor 3 covering..or going from Reactor 2 base all the way over to Reactor 4, behind the big vent stack for Reactor 3. Reactor 2 has a hot spot up by where the emissions are coming out of the roof, in JNN view that is on the left top side. On the TBS Webcam 1 view, looking from the North, its on the top of the roof, on the right side. JNN view also shows a hot spot, for the first time I have seen,midway up the left side. And a hot spot on the left side of the metal building/shelter in front of Reactor 4. Reactor 1 has more hot spots..the entire side facing Reactor 2 and the side facing the MainLand. Reactor 2, that ‘blue white light’ at the base we see also shows up as HOT. All in all, the new is the area of Reactor 4, and the increased area of encompassing Reactor 3. Its NOT heart warming to see..Date 03010214 2:30 AM JST TIME.

Sparky
February 28, 2014 at 10:07 pm Log in to Reply
Johnny Blade’s Tomioka Cam alert continues. I just saw a fire truck w/lights flashing head towards the plant, cement trucks, returning trucks filled with bulging black bags (looks like the pics of bags of decontaminated soil), others with debris, lots of buses, lots of minivans with slapped on magnetic signs on the doors–all heading towards the plant.

Thanks for the alert, Johnny. I agree: Something’s Up!

jec
March 1, 2014 at 12:35 pm Log in to Reply
Sparky, this is the first time I have seen flashes and funny pixels on the Tomioka web cam. Near the road in front..and the sides.

jec
March 1, 2014 at 12:32 pm Log in to Reply
03022014 02:36 JST time HEAVY EMISSIONS from Reactors 3 and 4. Bet we soon see WEBS again on TBS webcam South. The steam and emissions are building. And its just over the Reactors 3 and 4 as you can see NO FOG over other areas from TBS Webcam 1, North. Also, see the two lights on top of the roof of Reactor 3. TEPCO would not have human workers there..would they?

tbg
March 1, 2014 at 12:46 pm Log in to Reply
Yeah now it looks like the plasma energy is arcing on tepcam 1, starting to pop through on the left edge, loooks like its go time.

TBS is all blacked out for me, with no audio, so Im guessing its been turned off , and futaba shows a fairly bright skyline.

On Tepcam 2 you can see the fog or steam or smokergy or whatever the hell it is pushing out, there’s a crane behind it on the right hand side and at sunset last night you could barely see the gray smoke just starting to obscure the crane. No plasma arcing on tepcam 2 though.

And the CDC in its weekly influenza report for the week ending Feb. 22 shows high prevalence of influenza-like illness (ILI) in Texas and Oklahoma. These states were exposed to the WIPP release on the night of Feb. 14. (ILI is defined as fever (temperature of 100°F [37.8°C] or greater) and cough and/or sore throat.)