Carbon-14, tritium and plants.



Dr. Linus Pauling’s warning about carbon-14

Linus Pauling warned us about carbon-14. Carbon is everywhere, in plants, in food, in our bodies. Radioactive carbon-14 comes in the form of gaseous carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide. It is routinely emitted by nuclear power plants. Large amounts of it were released in the atmospheric nuclear tests of the 1950’s and ’60s. It has a half-life of 5,730 years.

Trees and green plants provide about half, and plankton provide the other half of our oxygen. Phytoplankton, which are the base of the marine food chain, is declining. Various studies confirm this: plankton in parts of the Antarctic Ocean is declining up to 12 percent. (S. Weiler. Testimony to Senate Commerce Committee, November 15, 1991)

Trees absorb radioactive carbon-14 in place of stable forms of carbon and in this way they are gradually killed. The book, The Petkau Effect, by Ralph Graeub tells how radioactivity has harmed trees and forests: “It is assumed that the decisive physiological damage resulting in current forest death must have begun during the 1950’s. This is depicted in a reduction in density and width of tree rings, and in reduced growth, which is true in the Northern Hemisphere and in the Himalayas….

Neither aging, location, nor climate can be considered as the possible sole cause of damage…. The growth ring of a tree shows exactly what effects the tree has experienced, both in terms of time and seriousness…. During the 1950’s and 1960’s, there must have been a global wave of air pollution which caused the initial damage.”
The author speculates that it could not be just the usual chemicals which are so damaging the trees. And he explains that these trees are mainly within the 30th to 60th parallels of northern latitude. “This zone contains the most nuclear power plants — over 300 — and almost all nuclear reprocessing centers. Also, the vast majority of nuclear weapons tests occurred in this area.”

http://groups.able2know.org/philforum/topic/3775-1

Carbon-14 is produced when thermal neutrons from a criticality, or from neutron-emitting radionuclides like californium, come into contact with nitrogen. Nitrogen levels have been soaring in the ocean off Japan. The air is 78% nitrogen. Large amounts of nitrogen are found in soil, including the soil beneath the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant.

Tritium has a half-life of 12.3 years. It is also routinely released from nuclear power plants. It is a radioactive isotope of hydrogen and is found in the environment in the form of tritiated water. Significant amounts of tritium have been recently found in the Vancouver BC water supply. (www.enviroreporter.com) It will be found in both rainfall and water vapor in the air.

The following holds true for both tritium and carbon-14.

The green leaves of vegetation are the primary site for incorporation of tritium into organic matter. This is accomplished through the process of photosynthesis, where (C-14) carbon dioxide and (tritiated) water are used to synthesize sugar. The sugar is the building block for the synthesis of all other plant organic matter.

According to Rosalie Bertell,

In addition, with tritium exposure one can assume that people will suffer chronic illnesses due to nonfunctional enzymes, hormones and other proteins due to disruption by tritium atoms. Tritium spontaneously disintegrates into a helium atom, with a recoil excitation which disrupts the chemical bonds. These disruptions when reproduced cause chronic diseases such as allergies or hormonal dysfunction.

So the radioactive hydrogen (tritium) in water spontaneously transmutes to helium in the plant sugars produced by photosynthesis. Similarly, carbon-14 atoms in the sugar spontaneously transmute to nitrogen, disrupting chemical bonds, and creating God-knows-what molecules.

Gail has a new post at Wit’s End. She believes the damage to plants is due to ground-level ozone. Oxygen is known to potentiate the effects of radiation on cells. I suspect that this is true for ozone (O3) as well.

I have been going through hundreds of photos from Flickr. The scale of this catastrophe is mind-boggling. It has increased exponentially the past few months. I am trying to figure out a way to organize these photos so that the plant damage can be compared through time and space.

18 thoughts on “Carbon-14, tritium and plants.

    • Loved your posts; always a voice-of-reason. I miss Pu-239’s input, too. I had no idea that that was the name of a movie. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pu-239_%28film%29
      I miss seeing your comments on enenews.

      Some background:
      In gaping-mouth horror, i “witnessed” the tsunami live on TV. Those images will always haunt me. Later, i heard about the nuclear “disaster”, and unfortunately believed what was said about efforts of “containment”, as my attention had drifted elsewhere; what they were saying seemed reasonable (hadn’t reviewed nuclear science since my teens) and as such, my “BS-meter” was on the fritz (so to speak), although that is no excuse. Dr. Bill Wattenburg’s former AM810 KGO “Open-Line to the West Coast” was my favorite radio program. He was the only radio host that had a Ph.D and the credibility to go with it, except concerning Fukushima. Despite seemingly “towing-the-company-line”, his show (et al) was cancelled last autumn, to my dismay and alarm.
      I only recently became “aware” after the anniversary of the Titanic, earlier this year. Combined with some disturbing reports from the iNet & Dr.Bill’s program cancellation sent my “BS-meter” into overdrive! That is when i started to spend hours on research into the related topics & readily came to the general conclusion that we (at least in Canada) are indeed led by those with the [u]minds[/u] of children. Soon, i “found” the venerated “Diary”, “exskf”, enenews, nukehistory, and many others. I quickly found that in order to find proper perspective & analysis for each horrifying article, i had to read the comments or miss important details. I limited myself to posting comments &/or questions in those places where i could post without signing up. Thanks to those sites & especially their commentators (good, bad & ugly), i have a better command of the facts of that ongoing Apocalypse (maddeningly barely even started, that train-wreck-in-Slow-Mo) than most of my fellow citizens, if not many in government or opposition. 🙁
      Lately, the “cracks” in local media concerning those (ongoing) and other releases have shown me how little news is actually on the news! :angry:

      I picked a hell of a time to quit drinking!

      Ground-level ozone is devastating to tobacco plants, IIRC. Thought it was on earth for a reason, somehow. I see that in addition to the radiological implications of said plant (thanks AGreenRoad), some are growing GMO varieties.

      [off-topic]As a Canadian, i dare not say anything about American politik, other than to wish the people of California good-fortune with Prop37, as well as Oregonians & Washingtonians (hope i got that right) on their respective Ballot Initiatives concerning marijuana (Colorado next year, perhaps). None of these are even mentioned briefly in any news coverage on this side of the border even after the Union of British Columbia Municipalities (UBCM) voted in favor of decriminalization and taxation. Is it not truly astonishing how history rhymes?

      From the stripes, may you receive the promised healing.
      Bonzai! 😀

  1. comment left on my blog about unit 4:
    Unit 4 Explanation
    In FYE of 2010, Japan reported 41 plutonium breeder type rods as missing. They, 40 of the 41 (Last is in #4’s underground lab?) are sitting in the pool of #4 as seen in pool survey.

    The April survey of 2011 shows them intact with dome-looking square hats on them, and they are the ones that don’t have lift handels on top! The survey from 2012 shows them as burned-off down into the depths of the rack! They are what makes the glowing blob! They can not now be removed. There was also such rods (P-239@70% P-240@15% P-241@15%) in the pool of #3 but they were more than 10 years old. This is what caused the criticality-&-Fizzle, limited explosion. The reactor core lay-out, and power output of #3 at time of the quake, and remember… it’s with it being short over 140+ rods yet running @ 105% output, says undenied that they were breeding Plutonium in #3 reactor at the time of the quake. If rods have been removed… they had to be the non-expended ones remaining in #3 pool, post criticality event. The entire rack in #4 being removed as a unit, is only way to get them out now… and they are NON-EXPENED! and will catch fire with exposure to air!

    As to #4 event… they were in process of loading #4 core during the quake… just how many rods were then inside when it hit?… need to count empty rack-slots in pool of #4 to get idea! THAT is where the fire events in 4 were spawned… when the bottom of the reactor vessle broke and drained! They had problems getting the gate between the pool and the core shut! The pool went low, and started the slow burn-off of the PU breeder rods.

    PS… the rods they pulled to checkout were the now empty case ones from the reactor of #4, NOT from the pool! You CAN NOT pull new or partial expended rods out of the WATER!… They will ignite and start a zirconium fire!

    • “HaliBurt-n-Ernie” lost at least one rod, too! That one was Caesium, IIRC.

      This has to either be the height of incompetence, not being able to count, or more evidence (in addition to the GE3, the associated document, picture, & video tampering, et al, etc.) of their duplicity.
      Thank God, they have yet been caught in another lie!

      These folks seriously need to earn fifty Ph.D’s from “Con-College” with “full-scholarship”! Send that Mr. Lynch, owner of the Peterborough, Ontario, Canada EXIT-sign manufacturing plant, too; “for his own protection”! (not from me; i abhor violence, except in self-defense or in the defense of the helpless; seems like TPTB want us violent – i like Gandhi’s Civil action)

      What if they were indeed moving the new core when “stuff-happened”?
      Perhaps it is in the 311 NRC emails from TEPCO. http://pbadupws.nrc.gov/docs/ML1117/ML11175A278.pdf – 48.2MB
      That may explain what seemed to Kiyoshi Iwata to be pieces of rod emitting heat.
      “December 20, 2011”
      http://yoshi-tex.com/Fuku1/Fuku1No4.htm
      http://translate.google.com/translate?langpair=auto|en&u=http%3A%2F%2Fyoshi-tex.com%2FFuku1%2FFuku1No4.htm
      Quoted from Google-Translate:
      “In a place that is not even in the pool in the furnace in the building, Unit 4 nuclear fuel, some are left behind”

      “They have seen the No. 4 reactor building explosion, nuclear fuel that has been left in a place that is not even in the pool in the furnace it real culprit!”

      “Looks like a hot, steam coming out of the fuel pool is actually cold. Light brown object near the reactor has heat! This nuclear fuel rods that have been abandoned?”

      “Unit 4 above (right, background), TEPCO have earnestly hidden, rare gas treatment building! Origin of the “flash” is here! (May 10)”
      http://yoshi-tex.com/Fuku1/Kigasu1-2May10S.jpg
      The destruction of the AFIK common Rare-Gas Treatment Building is new to me. I missed that previously.

      I do wish that i could find a better translation.

  2. After your post about the trees, Bobby1, I became more aware of our present lack of oxygen. I looked into which plants produce the most oxygen, and found that some experts recommend 10 plants for every person! NASA says 15-18. We have 0.

    Chart of plants from NASA and Dr. B.C. Wolverton:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_air-filtering_plants

    English Ivy is a high oxygen producer and a mold killer:

    “English Ivy
    English ivy is a climbing evergreen that is classified as an invasive plant due to its rapid and aggressive growth rate. English ivy is a popular choice for outdoor ground cover, but when kept potted indoors, the plant demonstrates impressive oxygen yield and air pollution-reduction properties. A 2005 study published by The American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology reported that English ivy demonstrated a 75 percent reduction in airborne mold spores. Researchers concluded that English ivy not only held promise for increasing oxygen production but also for reducing incidences of allergy-related mold reactions. NASA research further confirms that English ivy is one of the top indoor house plants for reducing harmful airborne chemicals and bacteria. Because English ivy is an invasive climbing plant, keep it in a hanging planter in a shady place and maintain regular pruning to prevent unwanted overgrowth.”

    Read more: High-Oxygen Plants for a Home | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/list_7392445_high_oxygen-plants-home.html#ixzz28p2wVIXa

    “All air cleaning plants will of course always produce oxygen, but here are some of the top ones that happen to have a high conversion rate of carbon dioxide (the waste product humans and animals exhale and that plants inhale) to oxygen. The major benefit of adding oxygen producing plants to your living and work space is an increase of productivity due to the maintenance of healthy oxygen levels in the blood. Top three oxygen producing plants:

    #1 Sprouts!: If you grow your own sprouts for food (especially sweet pea sprouts, buckwheat sprouts and sunflower sprouts) you will have a fantastic mini greenhouse effect in your living space. You also get supplemental oxygen orally by eating raw, living greens!oxygen producing plants, clean air plants, air cleaning plants, air purifying plants

    #2 Snake Plant a.k.a. Mother-In-Law’s Tongue: Of all the different oxygen producing plants, this one is unique since it converts a lot of CO2 (carbon dioxide) to O2 (oxygen) at night, making it ideal to have several in your bedroom. 6-8 waist high plants are needed per person to survive if there is no air flow (meaning you could live in a completely air sealed room if you had these plants and the Areca Palms present). The snake plant also removes formaldehyde from the air.

    #3 Areca Palm: This plant removes xylene and toluene from the air, but also happens to convert a lot of CO2 (carbon dioxide) to O2 (oxygen) during the daytime. Having four (shoulder high plants) of these per person in your household provides enough oxygen to survive on during daylight hours! They need to have dust and grime wiped off of their leaves once a week, or as often as daily if you live in a city with very bad air quality such as Delhi.

    Top three air cleaning plants:
    #1 Madagascar Dragon Tree a.k.a. Red Edged Dracaena: As a popular house plant that needs little attention, it best removes benzene, formaldehyde, xylene and toluene from the air. It cannot tolerate direct sunlight yet it does well in fairly well indirectly lit areas. It is more susceptible to becoming damaged from over watering than infrequent watering.

    #2 Warneck Dracaena: One of the most popular clean air plants, this one removes benzene, trichloroethylene, xylene and toluene from the air.

    #3 Peace Lily: This species (of which there are a variety of sub-species) thrives best in the shade and with only roughly one watering per week (must be chlorine free water) but never let the soil completely dry out. This easy to take care of house plant removes benzene, formaldehyde, acetone, amonia and trichloroethylene from the air. It also periodically flowers!

    http://www.newton.dep.anl.gov/askasci/bot00/bot00976.htm

    AN OVERVIEW

    HAZARDS OF LOW LEVEL RADIOACTIVITY

    by Sara Shannon

    Winter, 1998

    http://ratical.org/radiation/HoLLR.html

    (4) LOSS OF OXYGEN GLOBALLY
    Walter Russell, a visionary artist and scientist, predicted in his book Atomic Suicide? published in 1957 that due to man-made radioactivity we would experience a loss of oxygen in the air that we breathe. In a similar way to the predictions of Andrei Sakharov in the 1950′s, Walter Russell’s foresight is now coming true. Our current oxygen resources are low. The percentage of oxygen in the air is down to about 19 percent. (BioTech News 1997) The expected amount is 21 percent oxygen. Some experts say that we may have originally evolved in an atmosphere of 38 percent oxygen. But now, due to the loss of forests and ocean plankton, our two sources of oxygen production, measurements of oxygen as low as 12 percent and 15 percent have been made in heavily industrialized areas. This oxygen-depleted condition is a contributing cause of the generalized lack of well-being that many are experiencing. And it does not look good for the future. We need oxygen to live!

    • Hey I just looked up Snake plant, I have them! They are virtually ‘unkillable’!!! It’s the kind sitting on top of my computer tower. We shall get many Bobby and set them about your house. They don’t even need water. Hardly at all, EVER. It’s like they get moisture out of the air or something.

  3. Speaking of tritium, “Hydro-Québec to shut down Gentilly-2 nuclear reactor on Dec. 28” (It’s only reactor). Formidable, Quebec! Oui!
    http://www.montrealgazette.com/news/montreal/Hydro+Qu%C3%A9bec+shut+down+Gentilly+nuclear+reactor/7338590/story.html

    The following quote remains copyright of it’s original ownership & is done so as Fair Use:Educational, originally from:
    http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/new-brunswick/story/2012/10/05/nb-gentilly-point-lepreau-costs-720.html
    “Thierry Vandal, the president of Hydro-Québec, said the Point Lepreau project has proven nuclear refurbishment is too risky and expensive. Even though the Quebec utility has already spent $900 million on its own refurbishment project, Vandal said the reactor will be shut down.

    “The best option by far is to proceed with closure of the plant by the end of the year,” Vandal said this week.”

  4. From page 256,

    http://www.radiochem.org/apsorc13/APSORC13.pdf

    “The tritium concentration of the precipitation in Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan, showed the highest annually averaged value of 74.1 Bq/L 1 in 1963, which corresponded to the year of the maximum fallout of tritium in the northern hemisphere. After the maximum, it decreased year by year for the past four or five decades, and returned to levels lower than 1 Bq/L in 2007…

    It began to increase following the snow of 4:10-9:00 on 16 March, and through to a maximum peak of 15.0 Bq/L after the snow of 9:00-19:00 on 16 March…

    A dramatic increase in tritium concentrations of 131.6 Bq/L and 99.9 Bq/L was observed in the rainfalls of 9:30-13:40 on 30 May and those from 21:30 on 13 June to 9:00 on 14 June in the variation patterns of tritium concentration
    in the precipitation of Kanazawa city, although no marked change was observed in the period from April up to the end of May. This may have been caused by the wind violently blowing down from the upper atmosphere during a storm. A large amount of tritium which had been released by hydrogen explosions from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear reactors is considered to exist in the bulk air in the upper atmosphere.

    This is evidence that tritium levels in the upper atmosphere exceed those caused by the atmospheric bomb tests of the 1950’s and 1960’s.

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